Cookies are small text files that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment (usually to the user’s browser) by visited websites; they are stored in the user’s terminal equipment to be then re-transmitted to the websites on the user’s subsequent visits to those websites. When navigating a website, a user may happen to receive cookies from other websites or web servers, which are the so-called “third party” cookies. This happens because the visited website may contain items such as images, maps, sound files, links to individual web pages on different domains that are located on servers other than the one where the page being visited is stored.
Types of Cookie
- Technical Cookies
Technical cookies are those used exclusively with a view to “carrying out the transmission of a communication on an electronic communications network, or insofar as this is strictly necessary to the provider of an information society service that has been explicitly requested by the contracting party or user to provide the said service.” (see Section 122(1) of the Personal Data Protection Code (Code)).
Users’ prior consent is not necessary to install these cookies, whilst information under Section 13 of the Code has to be provided in the manner considered to be most appropriate by the website manager – if only such cookies are relied upon.
- Profiling Cookies
Profiling cookies are aimed at creating user profiles. They are used to send ads messages in line with the preferences shown by the user during navigation. In light of the highly invasive nature of these cookies vis-à-vis users’ private sphere, Italian and European legislation requires users to be informed appropriately on their use so as to give their valid consent.
These cookies are referred to in Section 122(1) of the Code where it is provided that “Storing information, or accessing information that is already stored, in the terminal equipment of a contracting party or user shall only be permitted on condition that the contracting party or user has given his consent after being informed in accordance with the simplified arrangements mentioned in section 13(3).”
Opting out of cookies
The legislation on the protection of personal data envisages that users can disable the “technical cookies” (“opt-out”) as well as the non-technical cookies previously accepted (‘opt-in’) by the user.
However, disabling the cookies may give rise to difficulties whilst navigating the Site.
Please find below the procedure of the main browsers’ to block the acceptance of navigation cookies.
Internet Explorer: http://windows.microsoft.com/it-it/internet-explorer/delete-manage-cookies#ie=ie-11